Beryllium is widely used to alloy with other metals such as copper and is used in springs and electrical equipment due to its non magnetic nature. Whilst Beryllium is a metal, it is brittle at room temperature and can easily shatter, hence why it is often alloyed with harder metals. It is often found in the precious stones Emeralds and contributes to its green colour. It has been known by the Egyptians and Romans and was prized for its beauty. It was not until 1828 when it was isolated by Friederich Wohler and Antoine Bussy. It is a very rare element in the earth’s crust and due to its reactivity is often hard to extract. It is located in Group 2, the Alkaline earth metals and produces alkaline solutions. It is a solid at room temperature and it has a melting point of 278°c and a boiling point of 2970°c.
Fredrich Wöhler, A.A.Bussy