Elements
28

Ni

Nickel

Nickel (Ni) is a silvery-white metal that has the atomic number 28 in the periodic table. It is a Transition metal and located in Group 10 of the periodic table. It has the symbol Ni.

Nickel is found in the earth’s curst in small amounts usually in mineral rocks and larger nickel-iron meteorite debris. It is hypothesised that the core of the earth as well as containing Iron also has some components of Nickel from the earliest days of the big bang. Nickel was first isolated by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt who initially believed the metal to be Copper, instead he produced a white metal which he named after the German spirit Nickel. Nickel much like Iron and Cobalt is magnetic. Nickel has a wide range of uses. It’s main use is in the production of stainless steel due to its corrosion resistant properties. It is also widely used to make coins around the world. It is located in Group 10 and it has a melting point of 1455°c and a boiling point of 2730°c being a solid metal at room temperature.

Download Nickel as a printable and fully scalable image

Get the free download here (JPEG, PDF, SVG)

FAQ's

What is the Melting Point for Nickel?

Nickel has a Melting Point of 1453°F, meaning at 1453°F it will turn to a liquid.

What is the Boiling Point for Nickel?

Nickel has a Boiling Point of 2913°F, meaning at 2913°F it will turn to a Gas.

What is the Electronegativity of Nickel?

Nickel's Electronegativty is 1.91. Electronegativity is a measure of how strongly atoms attract bonding electrons to themselves.

What is the Heat of Vaporization of Nickel?

Nickel has a Heat of Vaporization of 370.4 kJ/mol.

Uses

Used in electroplating and metal alloys because of its resistance to corrosion. Also in nickel-cadmium batteries; as a catalyst and for coins.

Sources

Chiefly found in pentlandite [(Ni,Fe)9S8] ore. The metal is produced by heating the ore in a blast furnace which replaces the sulfur with oxygen. The oxides are then treated with an acid that reacts with the iron not the nickel.

28
Protons
28
Electrons
31
Neutrons

Ni

Element Symbol
Ni
Atomic Weight
58.693
Atomic Number
28
State
Solid
Melting Point
Unknown
1453
°C
Boiling Point
2913
Unknown
°C
Heat of Vaporization
370.4
Unknown
kJ/mol
Crystal Structure
Cubic: Face centered
Thermoconductivity
0.907
Unknown
W/cmK
Shells
2,8,16,2
Group
Transition Metal
Period
4
Block
D Block
Orbitals
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
13.4 10^-6 K^-1
Covalent Radius
1.15 Å
Density at 293K
8.90 g/cm³
Electrical Conductivity
0.143 10^6/cm ohm
First Ionization Potential
7.6398 V
Second Ionization Potential
18.168 V
Third Ionization Potential
35.17 V
Ionic Radius
.69 (+2) Å
Oxydation States
(2),3
Lattice Parameter
3.5239 Å
Lattice Parameter 2
--
Lattice Parameter 3
4.524 Å
Pronounced

NIK-l

Discovered by

Axel Cronstedt

Discovery date

1751

Orbital configuration
2,8,16,2

Download the Periodic Table

Explore Other Transition Metals

285
112

Cn

Copernicium
178.49
72

Hf

Hafnium
44.956
21

Sc

Scandium
58.933
27

Co

Cobalt
200.592
80

Hg

Mercury
102.905
45

Rh

Rhodium
192.217
77

Ir

Iridium
63.546
29

Cu

Copper
112.414
48

Cd

Cadmium
88.906
39

Y

Yttrium
47.867
22

Ti

Titanium
269
106

Sg

Seaborgium
270
105

Db

Dubnium
267
104

Rf

Rutherfordium
107.868
47

Ag

Silver
91.224
40

Zr

Zirconium
50.942
23

V

Vanadium
65.38
30

Zn

Zinc
106.42
46

Pd

Palladium
92.906
41

Nb

Niobium
95.95
42

Mo

Molybdenum
54.938
25

Mn

Manganese
51.996
24

Cr

Chromium
180.948
73

Ta

Tantalum
196.967
79

Au

Gold
190.23
76

Os

Osmium
101.07
44

Ru

Ruthenium
97
43

Tc

Technetium
183.84
74

W

Tungsten
195.084
78

Pt

Platinum
55.845
26

Fe

Iron
186.207
75

Re

Rhenium
270
108

Hs

Hassium
270
107

Bh

Bohrium
Transition metal is any of various chemical elements that have valence electrons (electrons that can participate in the formation of chemical bond) in two shells instead of only one. They form group 3 (IIIb) through group 12 (IIb).
Previous

Cobalt

27
Next

Copper

29