Nickel is found in the earth’s curst in small amounts usually in mineral rocks and larger nickel-iron meteorite debris. It is hypothesised that the core of the earth as well as containing Iron also has some components of Nickel from the earliest days of the big bang. Nickel was first isolated by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt who initially believed the metal to be Copper, instead he produced a white metal which he named after the German spirit Nickel. Nickel much like Iron and Cobalt is magnetic. Nickel has a wide range of uses. It’s main use is in the production of stainless steel due to its corrosion resistant properties. It is also widely used to make coins around the world. It is located in Group 10 and it has a melting point of 1455°c and a boiling point of 2730°c being a solid metal at room temperature.
Used in electroplating and metal alloys because of its resistance to corrosion. Also in nickel-cadmium batteries; as a catalyst and for coins.
Chiefly found in pentlandite [(Ni,Fe)9S8] ore. The metal is produced by heating the ore in a blast furnace which replaces the sulfur with oxygen. The oxides are then treated with an acid that reacts with the iron not the nickel.