Elements
6

C

Carbon

Carbon (C) exists as several allotropes, most commonly as Diamond or the gray-black solid Graphite. It has the atomic number 6 in the periodic table and belongs in Group 14. It is a non metal with the symbol C.

Carbon is a widely abundant chemical in both the earth’s atmosphere in the compound Carbon Dioxide and in the earth’s crust as the allotropes Coal, Diamond and Graphite. It is the foundation of many organic molecules and its own field of chemistry. In every day life it is often found in pencils as Graphite, jewelry as Diamond rings and in fuel as coal and oil. Diamond and Graphite are two of the hardest substances known to man and as such have uses in drilling and other industrial applications. Graphite itself is also inert so is often favoured as an electrode in electrolysis as it is able to conduct electricity. All allotropes of Carbon exist as solids at room temperature. It is located in Group 14. It is a solid at room temperature and it has a melting point of (Diamond) 3550°c and a boiling point of 3800°c. Carbon has long been known as an element in its various forms since the time of the Egyptians. It was the first tattoo pigment used over 5200 years ago on Otzi the Iceman, a perfectly mummified specimen of early man preserved in ice on the Austrian-Italy border.

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FAQ's

What is the Melting Point for Carbon?

Carbon has a Melting Point of 3550°F, meaning at 3550°F it will turn to a liquid.

What is the Boiling Point for Carbon?

Carbon has a Boiling Point of 4827°F, meaning at 4827°F it will turn to a Gas.

What is the Electronegativity of Carbon?

Carbon's Electronegativty is 2.55. Electronegativity is a measure of how strongly atoms attract bonding electrons to themselves.

What is the Heat of Vaporization of Carbon?

Carbon has a Heat of Vaporization of 355.8 kJ/mol.

Uses

For making steel, in filters, and many more uses. Radiocarbon dating uses the carbon-14 isotope to date old objects.

Sources

Made by burning organic compounds with insufficient oxygen.

6
Protons
6
Electrons
6
Neutrons

C

Element Symbol
C
Atomic Weight
12.011
Atomic Number
6
State
Solid
Melting Point
Unknown
3550
°C
Boiling Point
4827
Unknown
°C
Heat of Vaporization
355.8
Unknown
kJ/mol
Crystal Structure
Hexagonal
Thermoconductivity
1.29
Unknown
W/cmK
Shells
2,4
Group
Non-Metal
Period
2
Block
P Block
Orbitals
[He] 2s2 2p2
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
1.0 10^-6 K^-1
Covalent Radius
0.77 Å
Density at 293K
2.62 g/cm³
Electrical Conductivity
0.00061 10^6/cm ohm
First Ionization Potential
11.2603 V
Second Ionization Potential
24.383 V
Third Ionization Potential
47.887 V
Ionic Radius
.16 (+4) Å
Oxydation States
(±4),2
Lattice Parameter
2.4619 Å
Lattice Parameter 2
--
Lattice Parameter 3
--
Pronounced

KAR-ben

Discovered by

Known to the ancients.

Discovery date

1789

Orbital configuration
2,4

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Explore Other Non-Metals

1.008
1

H

Hydrogen
78.971
34

Se

Selenium
14.007
7

N

Nitrogen
32.06
16

S

Sulphur
15.999
8

O

Oxygen
30.974
15

P

Phosphorus
Non-metals are the substances that do not exhibit such characteristic of metals as hardness, mechanical adaptability or the ability to conduct electricity. This series contains a few non-metals located in different groups of the periodic table: hydrogen (H), carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), oxygen (O), sulfur (S) and selenium (Se).
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