The Evolution of The Periodic Table

Explore the discovery locations and dates that each element was discovered
0-9000 BC
1200s
1600s
1700s
1800s
1900s
2000s
1

H

1
England
Discovered on 1766 by Henry Cavendish
Discovery year is 1766 by Henry Cavendish
H
1
Hydrogen
1766

Li

3
Sweden
Discovered on 1817 by Johann Arfwedson
Discovery year is 1817 by Johann Arfwedson
Li
3
Lithium
1817

Na

11
England
Discovered on 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy
Discovery year is 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy
Na
11
Sodium
1807

K

19
England
Discovered on 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy
Discovery year is 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy
K
19
Potassium
1807

Rb

37
Germany
Discovered on 1861 by R. Bunsen, G. Kirchoff
Discovery year is 1861 by R. Bunsen, G. Kirchoff
Rb
37
Rubidium
1861

Cs

55
Germany
Discovered on 1860 by Gustov Kirchoff, Robert Bunsen
Discovery year is 1860 by Gustov Kirchoff, Robert Bunsen
Cs
55
Caesium
1860

Fr

87
France
Discovered on 1939 by Marguerite Derey
Discovery year is 1939 by Marguerite Derey
Fr
87
Francium
1939
2

Be

4
Germany/France
Discovered on 1798 by Fredrich Wöhler, A.A.Bussy
Discovery year is 1798 by Fredrich Wöhler, A.A.Bussy
Be
4
Beryllium
1798

Mg

12
England
Discovered on 1808 by Sir Humphrey Davy
Discovery year is 1808 by Sir Humphrey Davy
Mg
12
Magnesium
1808

Ca

20
England
Discovered on 1808 by Sir Humphrey Davy
Discovery year is 1808 by Sir Humphrey Davy
Ca
20
Calcium
1808

Sr

38
Scotland
Discovered on 1790 by A. Crawford
Discovery year is 1790 by A. Crawford
Sr
38
Strontium
1790

Ba

56
England
Discovered on 1808 by Sir Humphrey Davy
Discovery year is 1808 by Sir Humphrey Davy
Ba
56
Barium
1808

Ra

88
France
Discovered on 1898 by Pierre and Marie Curie
Discovery year is 1898 by Pierre and Marie Curie
Ra
88
Radium
1898
3

Sc

21
Sweden
Discovered on 1879 by Lars Nilson
Discovery year is 1879 by Lars Nilson
Sc
21
Scandium
1879

Y

39
Finland
Discovered on 1794 by Johann Gadolin
Discovery year is 1794 by Johann Gadolin
Y
39
Yttrium
1794
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Ti

22
England
Discovered on 1791 by William Gregor
Discovery year is 1791 by William Gregor
Ti
22
Titanium
1791

V

23
Sweden
Discovered on 1830 by Nils Sefström
Discovery year is 1830 by Nils Sefström
V
23
Vanadium
1830

Cr

24
France
Discovered on 1797 by Louis Vauquelin
Discovery year is 1797 by Louis Vauquelin
Cr
24
Chromium
1797

Mn

25
Sweden
Discovered on 1774 by Johann Gahn
Discovery year is 1774 by Johann Gahn
Mn
25
Manganese
1774

Fe

26
Egypt and Mesopotamia
Discovered on 5000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 5000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Fe
26
Iron
5000 BC

Co

27
Sweden
Discovered on 1739 by George Brandt
Discovery year is 1739 by George Brandt
Co
27
Cobalt
1739

Ni

28
Sweden
Discovered on 1751 by Axel Cronstedt
Discovery year is 1751 by Axel Cronstedt
Ni
28
Nickel
1751

Cu

29
Iraq and Africa
Discovered on 9000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 9000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Cu
29
Copper
9000 BC

Zn

30
Germany
Discovered on 1746 by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 1746 by Known to the ancients.
Zn
30
Zinc
1746

Zr

40
Germany
Discovered on 1789 by Martin Klaproth
Discovery year is 1789 by Martin Klaproth
Zr
40
Zirconium
1789

Nb

41
England
Discovered on 1801 by Charles Hatchet
Discovery year is 1801 by Charles Hatchet
Nb
41
Niobium
1801

Mo

42
Sweden
Discovered on 1778 by Carl Wilhelm Scheele
Discovery year is 1778 by Carl Wilhelm Scheele
Mo
42
Molybdenum
1778

Tc

43
Italy
Discovered on 1937 by Carlo Perrier, Émillo Segrè
Discovery year is 1937 by Carlo Perrier, Émillo Segrè
Tc
43
Technetium
1937

Ru

44
Russia
Discovered on 1844 by Karl Klaus
Discovery year is 1844 by Karl Klaus
Ru
44
Ruthenium
1844

Rh

45
England
Discovered on 1803 by William Wollaston
Discovery year is 1803 by William Wollaston
Rh
45
Rhodium
1803

Pd

46
England
Discovered on 1803 by William Wollaston
Discovery year is 1803 by William Wollaston
Pd
46
Palladium
1803

Ag

47
Greece and Anatolia (Turkey)
Discovered on 4000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 4000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Ag
47
Silver
4000 BC

Cd

48
Germany
Discovered on 1817 by Fredrich Stromeyer
Discovery year is 1817 by Fredrich Stromeyer
Cd
48
Cadmium
1817

Hf

72
Denmark
Discovered on 1923 by Dirk Coster, Georg von Hevesy
Discovery year is 1923 by Dirk Coster, Georg von Hevesy
Hf
72
Hafnium
1923

Ta

73
Sweden
Discovered on 1802 by Anders Ekeberg
Discovery year is 1802 by Anders Ekeberg
Ta
73
Tantalum
1802

W

74
Spain
Discovered on 1783 by Fausto and Juan José de Elhuyar
Discovery year is 1783 by Fausto and Juan José de Elhuyar
W
74
Tungsten
1783

Re

75
Germany
Discovered on 1925 by Walter Noddack, Ida Tacke, Otto Berg
Discovery year is 1925 by Walter Noddack, Ida Tacke, Otto Berg
Re
75
Rhenium
1925

Os

76
England
Discovered on 1803 by Smithson Tenant
Discovery year is 1803 by Smithson Tenant
Os
76
Osmium
1803

Ir

77
England/France
Discovered on 1804 by S.Tenant, A.F.Fourcory, L.N.Vauquelin, H.V.Collet-Descoltils
Discovery year is 1804 by S.Tenant, A.F.Fourcory, L.N.Vauquelin, H.V.Collet-Descoltils
Ir
77
Iridium
1804

Pt

78
Italy
Discovered on 1735 by Julius Scaliger
Discovery year is 1735 by Julius Scaliger
Pt
78
Platinum
1735

Au

79
California
Discovered on 1848 by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 1848 by Known to the ancients.
Au
79
Gold
1848

Hg

80
Unknown
Discovered on 265 BC by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 265 BC by Known to the ancients.
Hg
80
Mercury
265 BC

Rf

104
United States
Discovered on 1969 by A. Ghiorso, et al
Discovery year is 1969 by A. Ghiorso, et al
Rf
104
Rutherfordium
1969

Db

105
United States
Discovered on 1970 by A. Ghiorso, et al
Discovery year is 1970 by A. Ghiorso, et al
Db
105
Dubnium
1970

Sg

106
USSR/United States
Discovered on 1974 by A. Ghiorso, et al
Discovery year is 1974 by A. Ghiorso, et al
Sg
106
Seaborgium
1974

Bh

107
Germany
Discovered on 1976 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Discovery year is 1976 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Bh
107
Bohrium
1976

Hs

108
Germany
Discovered on 1984 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Discovery year is 1984 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Hs
108
Hassium
1984

Mt

109
Germany
Discovered on 1982 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Discovery year is 1982 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Mt
109
Meitnerium
1982

Ds

110
Germany
Discovered on 1994 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Discovery year is 1994 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Ds
110
Darmstadtium
1994

Rg

111
Germany
Discovered on 1994 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Discovery year is 1994 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Rg
111
Roentgenium
1994

Cn

112
Germany
Discovered on 1996 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Discovery year is 1996 by Heavy Ion Research Laboratory (HIRL)
Cn
112
Copernicium
1996
13
14
15
16
17

B

5
England/France
Discovered on 1808 by Sir H. Davy, J.L. Gay-Lussac, L.J. Thénard
Discovery year is 1808 by Sir H. Davy, J.L. Gay-Lussac, L.J. Thénard
B
5
Boron
1808

C

6
Rice University in Texas
Discovered on 1789 by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 1789 by Known to the ancients.
C
6
Carbon
1789

N

7
Scotland
Discovered on 1772 by Daniel Rutherford
Discovery year is 1772 by Daniel Rutherford
N
7
Nitrogen
1772

O

8
England/Sweden
Discovered on 1774 by Joseph Priestly, Carl Wilhelm Scheele
Discovery year is 1774 by Joseph Priestly, Carl Wilhelm Scheele
O
8
Oxygen
1774

F

9
France
Discovered on 1886 by Henri Moissan
Discovery year is 1886 by Henri Moissan
F
9
Fluorine
1886

Al

13
Denmark
Discovered on 1825 by Hans Christian Oersted
Discovery year is 1825 by Hans Christian Oersted
Al
13
Aluminium
1825

Si

14
Sweden
Discovered on 1823 by Jöns Berzelius
Discovery year is 1823 by Jöns Berzelius
Si
14
Silicon
1823

P

15
Germany
Discovered on 1669 by Hennig Brand
Discovery year is 1669 by Hennig Brand
P
15
Phosphorus
1669

S

16
Unknown
Discovered on 1777 by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 1777 by Known to the ancients.
S
16
Sulphur
1777

Cl

17
Sweden
Discovered on 1774 by Carl Wilhelm Scheele
Discovery year is 1774 by Carl Wilhelm Scheele
Cl
17
Chlorine
1774

Ga

31
France
Discovered on 1875 by Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
Discovery year is 1875 by Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
Ga
31
Gallium
1875

Ge

32
Germany
Discovered on 1886 by Clemens Winkler
Discovery year is 1886 by Clemens Winkler
Ge
32
Germanium
1886

As

33
Unknown
Discovered on 1250 by Known to the ancients & Albertus Magnus
Discovery year is 1250 by Known to the ancients & Albertus Magnus
As
33
Arsenic
1250

Se

34
Sweden
Discovered on 1817 by Jöns Berzelius
Discovery year is 1817 by Jöns Berzelius
Se
34
Selenium
1817

Br

35
France
Discovered on 1826 by Antoine J. Balard
Discovery year is 1826 by Antoine J. Balard
Br
35
Bromine
1826

In

49
Germany
Discovered on 1863 by Ferdinand Reich, T. Richter
Discovery year is 1863 by Ferdinand Reich, T. Richter
In
49
Indium
1863

Sn

50
Mesopotamia (Iraq)
Discovered on 3000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 3000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Sn
50
Tin
3000 BC

Sb

51
Unknown
Discovered on 3000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 3000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Sb
51
Antimony
3000 BC

Te

52
Romania
Discovered on 1782 by Franz Müller von Reichenstein
Discovery year is 1782 by Franz Müller von Reichenstein
Te
52
Tellurium
1782

I

53
France
Discovered on 1811 by Bernard Courtois
Discovery year is 1811 by Bernard Courtois
I
53
Iodine
1811

Tl

81
England
Discovered on 1861 by Sir William Crookes
Discovery year is 1861 by Sir William Crookes
Tl
81
Thallium
1861

Pb

82
Unknown
Discovered on 3000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 3000 BC by Known to the ancients.
Pb
82
Lead
3000 BC

Bi

83
Unknown
Discovered on 1753 by Known to the ancients.
Discovery year is 1753 by Known to the ancients.
Bi
83
Bismuth
1753

Po

84
France
Discovered on 1898 by Pierre and Marie Curie
Discovery year is 1898 by Pierre and Marie Curie
Po
84
Polonium
1898

At

85
United States
Discovered on 1940 by D.R.Corson, K.R.MacKenzie, E.Segré
Discovery year is 1940 by D.R.Corson, K.R.MacKenzie, E.Segré
At
85
Astatine
1940

Nh

113
Japan
Discovered on 2003 by Riken(Japan), JINR(Russia), Livermore (USA)
Discovery year is 2003 by Riken(Japan), JINR(Russia), Livermore (USA)
Nh
113
Nihonium
2003

Fl

114
Russia
Discovered on 1999 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Discovery year is 1999 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Fl
114
Flerovium
1999

Mc

115
Russia
Discovered on 2003 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Discovery year is 2003 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Mc
115
Moscovium
2003

Lv

116
Russia
Discovered on 2000 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Discovery year is 2000 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Lv
116
Livermorium
2000

Ts

117
Russia
Discovered on 2009 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Vanderbilt University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Discovery year is 2009 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Vanderbilt University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Ts
117
Tennessine
2009
18

He

2
Scotland/Sweden
Discovered on 1895 by Sir William Ramsey, Nils Langet, P.T.Cleve
Discovery year is 1895 by Sir William Ramsey, Nils Langet, P.T.Cleve
He
2
Helium
1895

Ne

10
England
Discovered on 1898 by Sir William Ramsey, M.W. Travers
Discovery year is 1898 by Sir William Ramsey, M.W. Travers
Ne
10
Neon
1898

Ar

18
Scotland
Discovered on 1894 by Sir William Ramsey, Baron Rayleigh
Discovery year is 1894 by Sir William Ramsey, Baron Rayleigh
Ar
18
Argon
1894

Kr

36
Great Britain
Discovered on 1898 by Sir William Ramsey, M.W. Travers
Discovery year is 1898 by Sir William Ramsey, M.W. Travers
Kr
36
Krypton
1898

Xe

54
England
Discovered on 1898 by Sir William Ramsay; M. W. Travers
Discovery year is 1898 by Sir William Ramsay; M. W. Travers
Xe
54
Xenon
1898

Rn

86
Germany
Discovered on 1898 by Fredrich Ernst Dorn
Discovery year is 1898 by Fredrich Ernst Dorn
Rn
86
Radon
1898

Og

118
Russia
Discovered on 2002 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Discovery year is 2002 by Joint Institute for Nuclear Researh and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Og
118
Oganesson
2002

La

57
Sweden
Discovered on 1839 by Carl Mosander
Discovery year is 1839 by Carl Mosander
La
57
Lanthanum
1839

Ce

58
Sweden/Germany
Discovered on 1803 by W. von Hisinger, J. Berzelius, M. Klaproth
Discovery year is 1803 by W. von Hisinger, J. Berzelius, M. Klaproth
Ce
58
Cerium
1803

Pr

59
Austria
Discovered on 1885 by C.F. Aver von Welsbach
Discovery year is 1885 by C.F. Aver von Welsbach
Pr
59
Praseodymium
1885

Nd

60
Austria
Discovered on 1925 by C.F. Aver von Welsbach
Discovery year is 1925 by C.F. Aver von Welsbach
Nd
60
Neodymium
1925

Pm

61
United States
Discovered on 1945 by J.A. Marinsky, L.E. Glendenin, C.D. Coryell
Discovery year is 1945 by J.A. Marinsky, L.E. Glendenin, C.D. Coryell
Pm
61
Promethium
1945

Sm

62
France
Discovered on 1879 by Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
Discovery year is 1879 by Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
Sm
62
Samarium
1879

Eu

63
France
Discovered on 1901 by Eugène Demarçay
Discovery year is 1901 by Eugène Demarçay
Eu
63
Europium
1901

Gd

64
Switzerland
Discovered on 1880 by Jean de Marignac
Discovery year is 1880 by Jean de Marignac
Gd
64
Gadolinium
1880

Tb

65
Sweden
Discovered on 1843 by Carl Mosander
Discovery year is 1843 by Carl Mosander
Tb
65
Terbium
1843

Dy

66
France
Discovered on 1886 by Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
Discovery year is 1886 by Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
Dy
66
Dysprosium
1886

Ho

67
Switzerland
Discovered on 1878 by J.L. Soret
Discovery year is 1878 by J.L. Soret
Ho
67
Holmium
1878

Er

68
Sweden
Discovered on 1843 by Carl Mosander
Discovery year is 1843 by Carl Mosander
Er
68
Erbium
1843

Tm

69
Sweden
Discovered on 1879 by Per Theodor Cleve
Discovery year is 1879 by Per Theodor Cleve
Tm
69
Thulium
1879

Yb

70
Switzerland
Discovered on 1878 by Jean de Marignac
Discovery year is 1878 by Jean de Marignac
Yb
70
Ytterbium
1878

Lu

71
France
Discovered on 1907 by Georges Urbain
Discovery year is 1907 by Georges Urbain
Lu
71
Lutetium
1907

Ac

89
France
Discovered on 1899 by André Debierne
Discovery year is 1899 by André Debierne
Ac
89
Actinium
1899

Th

90
Sweden
Discovered on 1828 by Jöns Berzelius
Discovery year is 1828 by Jöns Berzelius
Th
90
Thorium
1828

Pa

91
England/France
Discovered on 1917 by Fredrich Soddy, John Cranston, Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner
Discovery year is 1917 by Fredrich Soddy, John Cranston, Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner
Pa
91
Protactinium
1917

U

92
Germany
Discovered on 1789 by Martin Klaproth
Discovery year is 1789 by Martin Klaproth
U
92
Uranium
1789

Np

93
United States
Discovered on 1940 by E.M. McMillan, P.H. Abelson
Discovery year is 1940 by E.M. McMillan, P.H. Abelson
Np
93
Neptunium
1940

Pu

94
United States
Discovered on 1940 by G.T.Seaborg, J.W.Kennedy, E.M.McMillan, A.C.Wohl
Discovery year is 1940 by G.T.Seaborg, J.W.Kennedy, E.M.McMillan, A.C.Wohl
Pu
94
Plutonium
1940

Am

95
United States
Discovered on 1945 by G.T.Seaborg, R.A.James, L.O.Morgan, A.Ghiorso
Discovery year is 1945 by G.T.Seaborg, R.A.James, L.O.Morgan, A.Ghiorso
Am
95
Americium
1945

Cm

96
United States
Discovered on 1944 by G.T.Seaborg, R.A.James, A.Ghiorso
Discovery year is 1944 by G.T.Seaborg, R.A.James, A.Ghiorso
Cm
96
Curium
1944

Bk

97
United States
Discovered on 1949 by G.T.Seaborg, S.G.Tompson, A.Ghiorso
Discovery year is 1949 by G.T.Seaborg, S.G.Tompson, A.Ghiorso
Bk
97
Berkelium
1949

Cf

98
United States
Discovered on 1950 by G.T.Seaborg, S.G.Tompson, A.Ghiorso, K.Street Jr.
Discovery year is 1950 by G.T.Seaborg, S.G.Tompson, A.Ghiorso, K.Street Jr.
Cf
98
Californium
1950

Es

99
United States
Discovered on 1952 by Argonne, Los Alamos, U of Calif
Discovery year is 1952 by Argonne, Los Alamos, U of Calif
Es
99
Einsteinium
1952

Fm

100
United States
Discovered on 1953 by Argonne, Los Alamos, U of Calif
Discovery year is 1953 by Argonne, Los Alamos, U of Calif
Fm
100
Fermium
1953

Md

101
United States
Discovered on 1955 by G.T.Seaborg, S.G.Tompson, A.Ghiorso, K.Street Jr.
Discovery year is 1955 by G.T.Seaborg, S.G.Tompson, A.Ghiorso, K.Street Jr.
Md
101
Mendelevium
1955

No

102
Sweden
Discovered on 1957 by Nobel Institute for Physics
Discovery year is 1957 by Nobel Institute for Physics
No
102
Nobelium
1957

Lr

103
United States
Discovered on 1961 by A.Ghiorso, T.Sikkeland, A.E.Larsh, R.M.Latimer
Discovery year is 1961 by A.Ghiorso, T.Sikkeland, A.E.Larsh, R.M.Latimer
Lr
103
Lawrencium
1961

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