Elements
60

Nd

Neodymium

Neodymium (Nd) is a silvery white coloured metal that has the atomic number 60 in the periodic table. It is a Lanthanide metal. It has the symbol Nd.

Neodymium was identified in 1885 by the Austrian scientist, Carl Welsbach. Through his work with the ‘element’ Didymium he identified Neodymium and Praseodymium as the two elements that make up this compound. Neodymium was named after ‘neos didymos’ the Ancient Greek for new twin. Neodymium is used in the production of permanent magnets with boron and iron, these magnets have a wide range of uses in computers and mobile phones. Neodymium is not found in the earth’s crust as a free element but in the minerals monazite and bastnaesite. It is a solid metal at room temperature with a melting point of 1024°c and a boiling point of 3074°c.

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FAQ's

What is the Melting Point for Neodymium?

Neodymium has a Melting Point of 1021°F, meaning at 1021°F it will turn to a liquid.

What is the Boiling Point for Neodymium?

Neodymium has a Boiling Point of 3074°F, meaning at 3074°F it will turn to a Gas.

What is the Electronegativity of Neodymium?

Neodymium's Electronegativty is 1.14. Electronegativity is a measure of how strongly atoms attract bonding electrons to themselves.

What is the Heat of Vaporization of Neodymium?

Neodymium has a Heat of Vaporization of 273 kJ/mol.

Uses

Used in making artificial ruby for lasers. Also in ceramics and for a special lens with praseodymium. Also to produce bright purple glass and special glass that filters infrared radiation. Makes up 18% of Mich metal, which is used in making steel.

Sources

Made from electrolysis of its halide salts, which are made from monazite sand.

60
Protons
60
Electrons
84
Neutrons

Nd

Element Symbol
Nd
Atomic Weight
144.24
Atomic Number
60
State
Solid
Melting Point
Unknown
1021
°C
Boiling Point
3074
Unknown
°C
Heat of Vaporization
273
Unknown
kJ/mol
Crystal Structure
Hexagonal
Thermoconductivity
0.165
Unknown
W/cmK
Shells
2,8,18,22,8,2
Group
Lanthanide
Period
6
Block
F Block
Orbitals
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
6.9 10^-6 K^-1
Covalent Radius
1.64 Å
Density at 293K
7.0 g/cm³
Electrical Conductivity
0.0157 10^6/cm ohm
First Ionization Potential
5.5250 V
Second Ionization Potential
10.727 V
Third Ionization Potential
22.076 V
Ionic Radius
--
Oxydation States
3
Lattice Parameter
3.6580 Å
Lattice Parameter 2
--
Lattice Parameter 3
--
Pronounced

nee-eh-DIM-i-em

Discovered by

C.F. Aver von Welsbach

Discovery date

1925

Orbital configuration
2,8,18,22,8,2

Download the Periodic Table

Explore Other Lanthanides

150.36
62

Sm

Samarium
168.934
69

Tm

Thulium
145
61

Pm

Promethium
164.93
67

Ho

Holmium
138.905
57

La

Lanthanum
162.5
66

Dy

Dysprosium
173.045
70

Yb

Ytterbium
167.259
68

Er

Erbium
140.116
58

Ce

Cerium
157.25
64

Gd

Gadolinium
151.964
63

Eu

Europium
174.967
71

Lu

Lutetium
158.925
65

Tb

Terbium
140.908
59

Pr

Praseodymium
The lanthanide series contains 15 metallic elements from number 57 (lanthanum) to 71 (lutetium). They are located in group 3 and in the f-block of period six in the periodic table.
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Praseodymium

59
Next

Promethium

61