Elements
26

Fe

Iron

Iron (Fe) is a grey metal that has the atomic number 26 in the periodic table. It is a Transition metal and located in Group 8 of the periodic table. It has the symbol Fe.

Iron is an element that has been known since ancient times and has been an important part in the develop of humans. Iron artifacts have been found dating to 5000 BC and it is known that between 1300-1200BC Iron was easily smelted by humans and replaced bronze as the common metal for making weapons and armour. It was around 1000BC that molten Iron and carbon were mixed together to produce the alloy of steel. Iron’s symbol is Fe after the Latin ‘ferrum’ meaning iron. Iron is a well known magnetic compound due to its unpaired electrons. One third of the Earth’s mass is iron, believed to be in the core producing magnetic poles at North and South. Iron is widely used in construction especially the manufacturing of steel. It is widely used in the human body where it is important in oxygen transport in hemoglobin. It is located in Group 8 and it has a melting point of 1538°c and a boiling point of 2862°c being a solid metal at room temperature.

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FAQ's

What is the Melting Point for Iron?

Iron has a Melting Point of 1538°F, meaning at 1538°F it will turn to a liquid.

What is the Boiling Point for Iron?

Iron has a Boiling Point of 2861°F, meaning at 2861°F it will turn to a Gas.

What is the Electronegativity of Iron?

Iron's Electronegativty is 1.83. Electronegativity is a measure of how strongly atoms attract bonding electrons to themselves.

What is the Heat of Vaporization of Iron?

Iron has a Heat of Vaporization of 349.6 kJ/mol.

Uses

Used in steel and other alloys. Essential for humans. It is the chief constituent of hemoglobin which carries oxygen in blood vessels. Its oxides are used in magnetic tapes and disks.

Sources

Obtained from iron ores. Pure metal produced in blast furnaces by layering limestone, coke and iron ore and forcing hot gasses into the bottom. This heats the coke red hot and the iron is reduced from its oxides and liquified where it flows to the bottom

26
Protons
26
Electrons
30
Neutrons

Fe

Element Symbol
Fe
Atomic Weight
55.845
Atomic Number
26
State
Solid
Melting Point
Unknown
1538
°C
Boiling Point
2861
Unknown
°C
Heat of Vaporization
349.6
Unknown
kJ/mol
Crystal Structure
Cubic: Body centered
Thermoconductivity
0.802
Unknown
W/cmK
Shells
2,8,14,2
Group
Transition Metal
Period
4
Block
D Block
Orbitals
[Ar] 3d6 4s2
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
11.8 10^-6 K^-1
Covalent Radius
1.17 Å
Density at 293K
7.86 g/cm³
Electrical Conductivity
0.0993 10^6/cm ohm
First Ionization Potential
7.9024 V
Second Ionization Potential
16.18 V
Third Ionization Potential
30.651 V
Ionic Radius
.55 (+3) Å
Oxydation States
2,(3)
Lattice Parameter
2.8665 Å
Lattice Parameter 2
--
Lattice Parameter 3
--
Pronounced

EYE-ern

Discovered by

Known to the ancients.

Discovery date

5000 BC

Orbital configuration
2,8,14,2

Download the Periodic Table

Explore Other Transition Metals

270
105

Db

Dubnium
178.49
72

Hf

Hafnium
58.693
28

Ni

Nickel
186.207
75

Re

Rhenium
51.996
24

Cr

Chromium
183.84
74

W

Tungsten
63.546
29

Cu

Copper
65.38
30

Zn

Zinc
192.217
77

Ir

Iridium
97
43

Tc

Technetium
200.592
80

Hg

Mercury
270
107

Bh

Bohrium
180.948
73

Ta

Tantalum
269
106

Sg

Seaborgium
54.938
25

Mn

Manganese
270
108

Hs

Hassium
112.414
48

Cd

Cadmium
267
104

Rf

Rutherfordium
190.23
76

Os

Osmium
101.07
44

Ru

Ruthenium
285
112

Cn

Copernicium
195.084
78

Pt

Platinum
50.942
23

V

Vanadium
44.956
21

Sc

Scandium
88.906
39

Y

Yttrium
95.95
42

Mo

Molybdenum
107.868
47

Ag

Silver
47.867
22

Ti

Titanium
92.906
41

Nb

Niobium
91.224
40

Zr

Zirconium
196.967
79

Au

Gold
106.42
46

Pd

Palladium
102.905
45

Rh

Rhodium
58.933
27

Co

Cobalt
Transition metal is any of various chemical elements that have valence electrons (electrons that can participate in the formation of chemical bond) in two shells instead of only one. They form group 3 (IIIb) through group 12 (IIb).
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27