Elements
104

Rf

Rutherfordium

Rutherfordium (Rf) is a radioactive metal that has the atomic number 104 in the periodic table, its appearance is not fully known due to the minuscule amounts produced of it. It is a Transition metal in Group 4. It has the symbol Rf.

Rutherfordium was the first super heavy element to be discovered and is located in the transition metals after the actinides. The element was discovered in Dubna, by Geogry Flerov and his team who bombarded plutonium with neon ions. It as first discovered in 1964 but it was not until 1966 that the discovery was confirmed. Rutherforidum has few uses outside of nuclear research. It is a solid metal at room temperature and it has a melting point of 2100°c predicted, the boiling point is 5500°c which is also predicted.

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FAQ's

What is the Melting Point for Rutherfordium?

Rutherfordium has a Melting Point of °F, meaning at °F it will turn to a liquid.

What is the Boiling Point for Rutherfordium?

Rutherfordium has a Boiling Point of °F, meaning at °F it will turn to a Gas.

What is the Electronegativity of Rutherfordium?

Rutherfordium's Electronegativty is . Electronegativity is a measure of how strongly atoms attract bonding electrons to themselves.

What is the Heat of Vaporization of Rutherfordium?

Rutherfordium has a Heat of Vaporization of kJ/mol.

Uses

It has no significant commercial applications.

Sources

Made by bombarding californium-249 with beams of carbon-12 and 13, which produced an isotope with half lives of 4+ and 3 sec.

104
Protons
104
Electrons
163
Neutrons

Rf

Element Symbol
Rf
Atomic Weight
267
Atomic Number
104
State
Unknown
Melting Point
Unknown
°C
Boiling Point
Unknown
°C
Heat of Vaporization
Unknown
kJ/mol
Crystal Structure
Unknown
Thermoconductivity
0.23
Unknown
W/cmK
Shells
2,8,18,32,32,10,2
Group
Transition Metal
Period
7
Block
D Block
Orbitals
[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
--
Covalent Radius
--
Density at 293K
--
Electrical Conductivity
--
First Ionization Potential
--
Second Ionization Potential
--
Third Ionization Potential
--
Ionic Radius
--
Oxydation States
4
Lattice Parameter
--
Lattice Parameter 2
--
Lattice Parameter 3
--
Pronounced

ruth-er-FORD-i-em

Discovered by

A. Ghiorso, et al

Discovery date

1969

Orbital configuration
2,8,18,32,32,10,2

Download the Periodic Table

Explore Other Transition Metals

54.938
25

Mn

Manganese
180.948
73

Ta

Tantalum
47.867
22

Ti

Titanium
196.967
79

Au

Gold
51.996
24

Cr

Chromium
88.906
39

Y

Yttrium
92.906
41

Nb

Niobium
190.23
76

Os

Osmium
112.414
48

Cd

Cadmium
95.95
42

Mo

Molybdenum
269
106

Sg

Seaborgium
101.07
44

Ru

Ruthenium
63.546
29

Cu

Copper
183.84
74

W

Tungsten
285
112

Cn

Copernicium
178.49
72

Hf

Hafnium
102.905
45

Rh

Rhodium
55.845
26

Fe

Iron
186.207
75

Re

Rhenium
58.693
28

Ni

Nickel
270
108

Hs

Hassium
106.42
46

Pd

Palladium
58.933
27

Co

Cobalt
107.868
47

Ag

Silver
91.224
40

Zr

Zirconium
195.084
78

Pt

Platinum
50.942
23

V

Vanadium
97
43

Tc

Technetium
270
105

Db

Dubnium
200.592
80

Hg

Mercury
44.956
21

Sc

Scandium
65.38
30

Zn

Zinc
270
107

Bh

Bohrium
192.217
77

Ir

Iridium
Transition metal is any of various chemical elements that have valence electrons (electrons that can participate in the formation of chemical bond) in two shells instead of only one. They form group 3 (IIIb) through group 12 (IIb).
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105